Baby Development: 1 Week Old
How big is your baby?
This week your baby will be weighing around 7 pounds and measuring 20 inches if he/she was of average size. Your baby’s heart rate will be around 100 to 150 beats per minute and will breath at about 50 beats per minute.
Umbilical Cord Care
Almost every baby goes home from the hospital with a stump where the remaining umbilical cord is still attached. It usually take 7-10 days for it to heal and eventually fall off and until then it is imperative that you keep it dry and clean, to promote healing and to prevent any infection from taking place.
Cleaning the umbilical cord doesn’t take much work. Simply wipe the cord with a ball of cotton wool dipped in alcohol. You may also want to just fold the top of the diaper down so that it does not rub against it and cause any irritation to your baby.
Penis Care for Circumcised and Uncircumcised Boys
If you have had your son circumcised then you may notice that his penis is a little red or may even be secreting a yellowish fluid. Both of these are signs that it is healing. When you change his diaper you may want to put some petroleum jelly or your doctor may have given you some gauze to help keep it clean. It is important that you change the dressing frequently to prevent any infection. Circumcision usually takes 7-10 days to fully heal.
If you have not had your son circumcised, you will still need to ensure that his penis is clean and free of any infection. Simply gently pull back the foreskin and wash the ares thoroughly each time you change his nappy.
Feeding Your Baby
Feeding your baby is one of the most important things you can do. You will know when she /he is hungry; she/he will show signs of hunger either by fussing, putting his/her hands in his/her mouth or perhaps turning his/her head to the side and opening his/her mouth.
Most new born babys will eat every 2-4 hours and you will want to feed at regular intervals in order to start building a regular routine, or, perhaps you may want your baby to set the schedule.
Your baby will usually turn his/her head away from the bottle or beast once they have had enough.
Nearly all babies need to be burped once they have been fed and some may even need to be burped during a feed.
There are a number of different methods which you can use to burp your baby. You will just need to find the one with which you have the most success. Lets look at those different methods now.
- Hold your baby seated in your lap, with one hand under his/her chin. This helps to keep his/her body up straight and the windpipe open as well as support his/her head. With your other hand gently rub or pat his/her back until you hear the burp.
- Hold your baby against your body facing you with his/her head resting over your shoulder. With your other hand gently rub or pat his/her back until you hear the burp.
- Lie your baby face down across your lap while seated, with his/her face turned to the side, and your one leg slightly higher than the other, (on the side where his/her head is). With your other hand gently rub or pat his/her back until you hear the burp.
Baby and Sleep
Your baby will sleep 19-20 hours per day at this stage, waking only really to eat every 2-4 hours. It is better that you put your baby down to sleep on his/her back every time you put him/her to sleep.
Research has shown that this well help prevent SIDS, (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome), as well as prevent lower back problems.
Why IS He/She Crying?
At this stage your babies crying is the only vocal way in which to communicate with you. Usually this is because there is something which is worrying him/her, such as a dirty or uncomfortable nappy, or he/she may be hungry. However there are a few problem which may cause him/her to cry other than those mentioned above. For more information on these, please click here.
Baby Development Milestones This Week
- Responds to sudden changes with entire body
- May be able to lift his/her head a little
- When his/her palms are pressed he/she may open his/her mouth
- Controls swallowing and rooting by reflex
- Sleeps between 19-20 hours per day
- Moves bowls often and sporadically
- Blinks at bright lights
- Eyes tend to turn outward
- Moves head from side to side
- Distinguishes tastes, and will prefer sweet already
Mental & Social Development
- Quiets when picked up or in response to any firm pressure
- Stops sucking to look at something
- Shuts out disturbing stimuli by going to sleep
- Shows excitement and distress
- Looks at person briefly
- Becomes alert and may try to focus on human voice
- Learns to expect foods at certain times
As a new parent you may be unsure of what is normal and what is not, when to call your doctor and when you shouldn’t. If your baby should show any of the following signs, then you should give your doctor a call:
- Difficulty in breathing- If he/she sucks in his/her ribs when she breaths or if his/her lips look blue.
- Vomiting after most feedings, especially if it is brown or green, or a projectile vomit.
- A fever of 100.6F (38.1C) or higher, measured rectally
- Yellow appearance
- Looks or acts differently, such as extreme lethargy or sleepiness, highly pale or irritable.
Toys To Stimulate Your Baby
To help stimulate your baby’s vision, hold boldly patterned objects within 8-12 inches of your baby. At this stage he/she will prefer bold patterns and black and white colors.
Keep talking and signing to your baby. This will not only help sooth and calm him/her, but it will also begin the interaction between you and your baby,
Quick Tips For This Week